Vivian Allert Grams, Class of 1956, passed away on September 4, 2022. She is survived by her sister Beverly Allert White (1954), daughters Terrie Grams Teeter (1978), Debbie (1981) (Brad 1979) Gering, son Kurt Grams (1982), granddaughter Ashley (Jon) Lehman, great-grandson Mateo, Grandson Brent Teeter and great-grandson Gage Teeter, grandson Bryson (2016) (Jacqueline) Gering and Granddaughter Abby (2018) Gering.
Mary Hille Reilly, Class of 1969, passed away on September 2, 2022. Mary is survived by her husband Garry Reilly, sons Daniel (1993) (Abby) Carlson, Matthew (Maggie) Carlson, Andrew (2002) (Chauna) Carlson, stepdaughters Shannon (1992) Reilly (Robin) Kraus, Michelle (1994) Reilly (Matthew) Phillips and stepson Ryan (2002) Reilly. She is also survived by her sister Nancy (1970) Hille and brothers Scott (1973) Hille and Mitch (1976) (Penny) Hille, 7 grandchildren and 5 step grandchildren. She was preceded in death by her parents Daniel “Boyd” (1945) and Elaine Lofgren Hille.
Robert “Bob” Schoessler, Class of 1961, passed away on September 2, 2022. Bob is survived by his wife Marge (1962) Sanger Schoessler, son Bo (1983) (Janna 1990) Gingrich, daughters Keri (1986) (Scott Steinmentz (1985) Gingrich and Traci (1994) (Josh Reidt) Schoessler, grandchildren Katheran Gingrich (2020), Tanner Marecz, Jarod Marecz (2011), Margaret Reidt and Jack Reidt. He is also survived by his sister Marva Schoessler (1958). He was preceded in death by his parents Walter (1925) and Ann (1930) Schoessler.
Fay Telecky Lybecker, Class of 1963, passed away on August 17, 2022. She is survived by her husband Roger Lybecker, daughter Kimberly Lybecker, and sister Sara Telecky Collison (1969). She was preceded in death by her parents Howard (1935) and Selma Telecky and sister Gail (1959) Bafus.
Ron Gering, Class of 1971, passed away on July 3, 2022. He is survived by his wife Karen, daughters Tiffany Gering and Megan Gering, five grandchildren, father Martin Gering (1947), brothers Bruce (1975) (Patti 1974) Gering and Brian (1977) (Gail 1977) Gering.
Delmar Borgens, Class of 1944, passed away on, June 2, 2022. He is survived by his wife, Barbara; his daughter Dee Dee Logsdon (Dean), son David Borgens (Carol), five grandchildren, and five great-grandchildren
Katherine (Kathy) Schroeder, Class of 1959, passed away on May 12, 2022. She is survived by here sister Janice Schroeder (Syd) Sullivan (1955), her children Greg (Mari) Martinen, Rachel Martinen and Kristina (Lance) Nelson, five grandchildren and 5 great-grandchildren. She was preceded in death by her parents Dora (Arlt) (1926) and Levine Schroeder, brothers John (1950) and Stan (1952) Schroeder and sister Barbara (1960) Schroeder.
Tom Kadlec, Class of 1952, passed away on May 22, 2022. He is survived by his wife Linda, sister Sandy Kadlec (1955) Schafer, and sons Kelly (1985) (Kelly Sue) Kadlec, Kyle (1994) (Michelle) Kadlec and grandsons Jaret, Trevor and Reece. He was preceded in death by his parents James and Mabel Kadlec.
Douglas Thiel, Class of 1956, passed away on March 29, 2022. Doug is survived by his wife Sarabeth Thiel, a son Curtis Thiel and daughter in law Susan Garred; and his 2 grandchildren – Alexandra Thiel and Emily Thiel. He is also survived by his brother Stephen Thiel and his wife Venus in Concord, CA and their children and grandchildren. Also survived by many cousins and friends in Ritzville, WA and throughout the western states. Doug was preceded in death by his parents Aaron (1932) and Allie Thiel and son Craig.
Larry Koch, Class of 1961, passed away on March 29, 2022. Larry is survived by his six children John, Heidi, Tina, Kim, Kevin and Kreg. He is also survived by 9 grandchildren and 10 greatgrandchildren. He was preceded in death by his father Lawrence Koch, mother Normadine King Kulm (1941), stepfather Albert Kulm, brothers Gale Kulm (1966), Jerry Kulm (1967) and grandson Nathan.
Deloris Borgens Allert, Class of 1944, passed away on March 19, 2022. She is survived by her daughter Karen Greenwalt, daughter-in-law Carol Simonson, sisters Eleanor Lloyd (1950), Joan Dicus (1953), and numerous grandchildren, great-grandchildren, and great-great grandchildren. She was preceded in death by her parents, husband George Simonson, husband Ralph Allert (1939), brother Wallace Borgens, (1946) and son Paul Simonson.
Leland Lightbody, Class of 1962, passed away on January 28, 2022. He is survived by his wife Kathy, sister Letha Banister (1961), nieces Holli and Heidi and nephew Scott. He was preceded in death by his mother Pearl Streeter Lightbody (1934), father Alva Lightbody and brother Gary Lightbody (1957).
Carol Pfannekuchen Larsen, Class of 1956, passed away on January 20, 2022. She is survived by her sisters Myran Kucklick (1952) and Paula Brady (1961) and step sisters Gaynel Gering (1956) and Linda Howell (1959), She was preceded in death by her parents Lester (1927) and Nathel Greenwalt Pfannekuchen (1927) and step-mother Mildred Wellsandt (former RHS teacher).
Gary Scott Galbreath, Class of 1958, passed away on December 25, 2021. He is survived by his wife Ronna Lesser Galbreath (1958), sons Greg Galbreath (1982), Clete Galbreath (1990), daughter Amy Jo (1985) (Don) Van Lierop, brother Dale (1962) (Julie) Glabreath, sister-in-law Amy Jo Galbreath, grandchildren Hallie Jo (2016) (Mitch) Jamison, Jace, Reese, Bryce, Collin, Georgia, Hank, Ronna’s daughters Marva (1977) (Craig (1976) Ulleland, Janet (1979) (Scott 1977) Sprenger, Dona (1980) (Bret) Forrester, Connie (1982) (Kevin) Miller, Ronna’s grandchildren Emily (1998) (Brian 1993) Gordon, Tracie (2001) (Michael 2000) Cook, Amy (Gavin 2002) Heider, Christopher (2002) (Jessi) Wahl, Brady (Amalia 2013) Wahl and 10 great-grandchildren. He was preceded in death by his parents Maynard (1934) and Alma (1931) Scott Galbreath and brother Mark (1965) Galbreath.
Peggy Meyer Page, Class of 1971, of Raleigh, NC, passed away on December 12, 2021. She is survived by her son Josh Page of Fort Mill, SC, son Bill Page of Raleigh, NC, sister Gail Meyer Carda (1969) of Spokane, WA, sister MaryKay Meyer McGrail (1978) of Worcester, MA, two granddaughters and numerous nieces and nephews. She was preceded in death by her parents Virgil Meyer (1947), Dorothy Meyer Eckhardt (1946) and stepfather William Eckhardt (1943).
Patricia Ott Hennings, Class of 1951, passed away on November 24, 2021. She is survived by her son Curtis (1974) (Erika) Hennings, son-in-law Stephen Turner, grandchildren Hans (2007) (Kristina) Hennings, Elena (2009) Henninigs McKenzie and Pryce Turner. She is also survived by her great-grandchildren KatieJo, Wylie and Bella Hennings and Josie and Daxton McKenzie. She was preceded in death by her parents Richard (1915) and Allene (1923) Ott, baby brother Bruce, husband Willard (1947) Hennings, infant son Spencer and daughter Tamara (1975) Hennings Turner.
Ron Knight, Class of 1959, passed away on November 22, 2021. He is survived by his wife Carrie Reimers Knight (1963), sons Brent and Ryan Knight and four grandchildren Payton, Rylie, Mason and Emerson.
Thomas Richmond, Class of 1955, passed away on October 25, 2021. He is survived by his wife Patty Lou Vostral Richmond (1952). He is also survived by his sons Marshall and Aaron Richmond and stepdaughter Shannon plus numerous grandchildren and great-grandchildren.
Lynn Langford Griffiths, Class of 1966, passed away on September 1, 2021. She was preceded in death by her husband, John Griffiths; her father and mother, Phillip and Elien Langford. She is survived by her son Chris (Candi) Walker; daughter Sharma (Nate) Walker-Thornton; and sons John (Samantha) Griffiths and Craig (Becci) Griffiths – as well as siblings Phillip (1963) (Bev) Langford; brother Fred (1970) (Rosemary) Langford; and many cousins, nieces, nephews and dear friends. Lynn and John had ten grandchildren: Lauren and Kate Walker; Sam, Ty and Cody Thornton; Logan, Shea and Camryn Griffiths; Caden and Macey Griffiths; and Andra (Haylen) Red-Carlisle.
Karen Arlt Thiel, Class of 1957, passed away on September 29, 2021. She is survived by her husband Lamar Thiel (1957), twin sisters Peggy Arlt Simmonds (1953) and Patty Arlt Fode (1953), brother Dennis Arlt (1965), son Bradley (Lorena) Arlt (1982), daughter Nichole (Pete) Thiel and grandsons Samuel and Nicholas. She was preceded in death by her parents Harry (1930) and Verna Amen Arlt.
James Paul Meyer, Class of 1962, passed away on Septemer 26, 2021. He was preceded in death by his parents, Paul Meyer (1935) and Violet (Snip) Sandbrink Meyer (1936). He is survived by his daughter, Dia Marie Fischer, and son, Jon Michael (Mike) Meyer (spouse Bonnie), brothers Dan Meyer (1971) (Heidi) and Mark Meyer (1969) (Cyndy), four grandchildren, and three nieces.
Hannalore Graf Hoffman, Class of 1967, passed away on July 30, 2021. She is survived by her son, Rudy Hoffman, sisters Sandy Graf (1971) and Helga (1966) (Blaine) Grunerud. She is also survived by her nieces Debora Schwartzkopf, Johanna Graf-Gutierrez and Kristen Grunerud.
Carol Gibler Russell, Class of 1971, passed away on July 27, 2021. She is survived by her husband David Russell (1969), by her children Jill (Jason) McKinnis and Aaron (Lindy) Russell, sister Joy (1978) (Derek) Abbott and brother Paul (1968) Gibler and her three grandchildren, Serafina McKinnis and Cameron and Coen Russell. She was preceded in death by her parents Craig and Esther Gibler and brother Steve Gibler (1984). Carol and Dave celebrated their 50th wedding anniversary in June.
Betty Denise Schaefer Schwisow, Class of 1944, passed away on July 26, 2021. Betty is preceded in death by her husband Donnie (1941), son Alan, parents Florence and Fred (1914) Schaefer and both brothers Bill (Martin) and Jack (1946). Betty is survived by her son Paul Schwisow (1966) and wife, Florence of Ritzville, daughters, Dawn Jones (1967) and husband, Chris of Mose Lake, and Jean DeBuhr (1981), husband, Rocky of Spokane Valley. Grandchildren Stephanie Jones-Lee and husband, Kevin, Matt Schwisow (1996) and wife, Jenn Heckler and Brian Jones and wife, Leah and great grandchildren, Eli and Charlotte Jones.
Amanda Sielaff Niederkleine, Class of 1941, passed away on July 18, 2021. She is survived by her son Gene (Julie) Niederkleine, granddaughters Ginny (Brent) Hayton and Jessica (Jeremy) Hampsch and 7 great-grandchildren. She was preceded in death by her parents August and Engel Sielaff, husband Milton Niederkleine, daughter Connie Niederkleine, grandson Jay Niederkleine, brothers Lester, Walter (1936) and Dale (1947) Sielaff and sister Lillian Meske (1937).
Susan Heimbigner Stuns, Class of 1967, passed away on July 3, 2021. She is survived by her son Christopher, brothers Dennis Heimbigner (1964) and Jim Heimbigner (1974). She was preceded in death by her father Ivan Heimbigner (1942) and her mother Gracie Heimbigner. There was a celebration of life held on July 22, 2021.
Julie Schell Hansen, Class of 1983, passed away on May 19, 2021. She is survived by her husband Ron Hansen, daughter Ashley Ross (Calib), granddaughter Emma Rose Ross, her parents Jim and Linda Hebard Schell and sister Pam Werschler (1980) (Phil).
Mary Alice Buhl Skinner, Class of 1948, passed away on May 22, 2021. She is survived by her husband Richard Skinner (1948), son James, daughter Linda and husband Alex McGregor, grandchildren: Ian, Jessica and Emily McGregor, Kate and Scooter Lyle, great grandchildren: Abigail, Genevieve, Lillian, Olivia, Scarlett, Willa and Alexander McGregor, Claire, Collin, Adele, Isabella and Elizabeth Lyle.
Donald (Don) Lee Anderson, Class of 1960, passed away on May 17, 2021 at his home in Spokane after a long battle with cancer. Don was born on November 23, 1941 in Tacoma to Dan and Alice Anderson. He was a three sport athlete for the Broncos. Don was an avid lover of sports. He enjoyed the success of the Gonzaga Bulldogs, Seattle Seahawks and was holding out hope for the Mariners to be winners. Don was married to Colleen Lindsay 1960 and from that marriage they had a son Ron. They later divorced. He married Leslie Weaver and they had a son Jason. They divorced but would remain friends. Don was preceded in death by his parents Dan and Alice, brothers Raymond (1953) and Larry (1966), and numerous aunts and uncles and several cousins. He is survived by his sons Ron, and Jason, grandsons Jack and Landon, sister Marlene (1963) (George) Huhtanen and brother Dale (1970) (Meme) Anderson, numerous nieces and nephews and his ex-wife Leslie.
Lisa Carleton Simonsen, Class of 1993, passed away on May 10, 2021. She is survived by her children Kymberlee Stark (2015) and Kannon Webb (2018) , her grandson Malakai, mother Marsha Stende, sister Cindy Carleton (1990), brothers George (Lizara) Carleton (1987) and David Carleton, niece Kelly (2020) and nephew George (2021).
Harold Hennings, Class of 1966, passed away on April 19, 2021. He is survived by his wife Nyla Telecky Hennings (1966), daughter Angela Hennings (1985), son Scott (1993) (Michelle Teske 1995) Hennings and daughter-in-law Millie Hennings. He is also survived by his grandchildren Jonah Hennings-Booth, Kennedy Booth, Harlee Hennings, Hayes Hennings, Devin Hennings (Jessica), Ashley Hennings and great grandchildren Hagen Hennings, America Hennings and numerous nieces and nephews. He was preceded in death by his son Andrew Hennings (1987), parents Walter and Robert Hennings, brother, Donald Hennings (1962), stepbrother Robert Hennings (1958) and stepsister Beverly Hennings Weber (1955).
Robert “Bob” Hayes, Class of 1961, passed away on March 14, 2021. He is survived by his wife Marianne Hull Hayes (1964) and his children Grant (Lisa) Hayes and Brittany Moyer. He is also survived by his Grandchildren Cassidy and Marley Hayes, sister-in-law and brother-in-law Rosanne (1959) Hull McCaughey and her husband Bill McCaughey.
Everett Wagner, Class of 1949, passed away in March 2021. He is survived by his wife Joan and his children Susan, Stephen, Richard, Gary, Lisa and Gregory. He is also survived by his sister Delores Sparkman (1950), 12 grandchildren and 12 great-grandchildren. He was preceded in death by his parents Alvin and Lydia Wagner.
Gary Jantz, Class of 1960, passed away on March 7, 2021. He was preceded in death by his wife Kay Clinesmith Jantz, parents Leonard and Eva Jantz, sister Joy Benzel (1952) brother Roger Jantz (1956) and twin brother Larry. He is survived by his children Dione Jantz and Jeffrey Jantz.
Leland Ruegsegger, Class of 1973, passed away on February 25, 2021. He is survived by his wife Jeanie and his four sons Joshua, Jared, Jason and Justin.
Lois Schwisow Seaburg, Class of 1946, passed away on February 21, 2021. She is survived by her daughter LeeAnn Seaburg Perry and son Jaimie Seaburg and grandsons Adam, Nathan, and Mark and her five great grandchildren. She was preceded in death by her parents Frank and Anna Schwisow, sisters Phyllis Ziemer (1932) and Iris Heider (1935), brothers Fred Schwisow (1937) and Donald Schwisow (1941).
Malinda Jantz Zilliox, Class of 1938, passed away on February 14, 2021. She is survived by a son Jay (Jennifer) Zilliox. She was preceded in death by her husband Milton Zilliox, brothers Leonard and Walter (1932) Jantz and sisters Marie Precht, Martha (1930) Robinson and Evelyn (1935) Claassen as well as her parents Andrew and Minnie (Franz) Jantz.
Steve Gibler, Class of 1984, passed away on February 6, 2021. He is survived by his children Jenae Gibler (Trent Holeman) and Logan Gibler (Haley Gee), sisters Carol (1971) (Dave 1969) Russell, Joy (1978) (Derek) Abbott, brother Paul (1968) Gibler and granddaughter Adalynn Jo Holeman. He was preceded in death by his parents Craig and Esther Gibler.
Willard Carsten Hennings, Class of 1947, passed away on February 1, 2021. He is survived by his wife Pat Ott Hennings (1951), sister Freda Thaut (1942), son Curtis (1974) (Erika) Hennings, son-in-law Stephen Turner, grandchildren Hans (2007) (Kristina) Hennings, Elena (2009) (Justin) McKenzie, Pryce Turner and great-grandchildren KatieJo, Wylie and Bella Hennings, Josie and Daxton McKenzie and numerous nieces and nephews. He was preceded in death by his parents, Carsten and Elizabeth Hennings, brothers Walt and John(1939) Hennings and sisters Ann (1937) Yates, Dorothy (1944) Soderstrom and daughter Tamara (1975) Turner.
Joel Nels Anderson, Class of 1988, passed away on February 1, 2021. He is survived by his mother Judy Blankenship (1960) (Warren) Cogswell, Partner Heidi Harting (1991), sons, Jacob (2013), Joel (2016) and Jesse (2018) Anderson, sister Janelle Anderson (1984) (Dave) Griffith, Niece, Daryl Griffith, brother Greg (1979) Cogswell and sister Debbie (1976) Cogswell (Dick) (1973) Buscher and many aunts, uncles, cousins and friends. He was preceded in death by his grandfather Joel Donald Blankenship.
Donna Lee Evans Hill, Class of 1955, passed away on January 31, 2021. She is survived by her daughter, Katherine Hill Benefield (Dan); grandchildren, George Knox III (Mary), Jeremy Knox (Christina), Matthew Knox (Vickie), and Natalie Knox (Chad); great-grandchildren, George Knox IV, Ada Dennis, Clementine Knox and Bowman Knox. She was preceded in death by her mother Dorothy McFarland McGraw; her father, Johnny Evans (1933), sisters, Jan Magnuson, Sharon Cleghorn, Susan Rosenau; brother, John Evans; her son Kerry Hill and her husband, Claude Hill, Jr.
Sharyl Snyder Robison, Class of 1956, passed away on January 25, 2021. She is survived by her son Todd and wife Julie, son Brett and wife Lindsay and grandchildren Christina, Jeremy, Travis, Brandon, Kyle, Jordyn and great-grandson Jackson.
Dora Stratton Kramer, Class of 1956, passed away on January 17, 2021. She is survived by her daughters Donna (1987) (Scott) Kessler, Janna (1990) (Bo 1983) Gingrich, granddaughters Mallory (2015) and Claire (2020) Kessler, Katheran (2020) Gingrich, nephews Russ (Sherie) Dunn, Luke (Mitzi) Dunn, niece Barbara Stratton Nichols and numerous cousins and great nieces and nephews. She was preceded in death by her husband Larry (1955) Kramer, infant daughter Nancy Elin, sister Alberta (1958) Stratton Baker, half siblings Robbin Stratton and Clarice (1945) Stratton Craner and nephew Terry Stratton.
Sara Ann Cooke Jones, Class of 1945, passed away on January 3, 2021. She is survived by her sister Patricia Cooke Schaefer (1947), daughters Candace (Jeff) Jordan, Cindy Corrigan and six grandchildren. She was preceded in death by her husband Woody, brother Jonathan (Ted) and son-in-law Tom Corrigan.
Madeline Kagele Erickson, Class of 1967, passed away on December 23, 2020. She was preceded in death by her parents Norman (1944) and Ursula Kagele, brothers Steven (1978) and Douglas (1973) Kagele, and daughter Rachel Erickson. She is survived by her husband of nearly 50 years, Bernard Erickson, daughter and son-in-law Kristen and Nicholas Honeycutt, son and daughter-in-law Derrick Erickson and Rachel Jaffe, 7 grandchildren, sisters Alice (1968), Faye (1976) and Julie (1980) Kagele, several beloved nieces and nephews and many cherished friends.
Nancy Ann Skinner Noble, Class of 1953, passed away on December 17, 2020. She is survived by her brother Dick (1948) (Mary) Skinner, daughter, Sue (David) Inks; son Bill Noble and granddaughter Krisit (1996) (Robert) Reichert (nee Noble). She was preceded in death by her husband Bill Noble and her parents Leroy and Sadie Skinner.
Daniel Robert Hille, Class of 1968, passed away on December 14, 2020. He is survived by his wife Bobbie Sue Hille, daughter Amy Mariah Hille (2000) and son Eric (2008) and daughter-in-law Riley Hille; grandson Everett James, and a granddaughter expected in February. Dan is also survived by his brothers Douglas (1961) (Sandra) and Ken (1965) (Adalia). He is also survived by many beloved nieces and nephews and cousins.
Leonard Reser, Class of 1959, passed away on October 25, 2020. He is survived by his special friend and companion Charlene Randolph, brothers Ark and Frank, sister Bonnie, Aunt Naomi Bruce and many nieces and nephews.
Roberta Roberts Buch, Class of 1952, passed away on October 19, 2020. She is survived by her husband Charles Buch (1951), daughters Sue Stewart (1985) (Rick) and Valerie Eckley (1983) (Sisay Desalegn). She is also survived by her granddaughters Corin Eckley (2012), Kara Eckley and grandson Tom Stewart.
Auburn Lee Schaefer, Class of 2011, passed away on October 11, 2020. She is survived by her parents Kim (1989) and Scott (1990) Yaeger, Kurt (1987) and Michelle (1985) Schaefer, brother Shontz (2019) Yaeger, sisters Aaliyah (2019) Yaeger, Emma Schaefer, step-sister Cassie Johnson and step-brother Hunter Johnson. She is also survived by her grandparents Marilyn (1970) Sielaff, Ken (1968) (Sandi) Miller, Gwen (1964) Schaefer, Ron (1964) Schaefer, step-grandfather Wayne Jirava and step-grandmother Norma (Gary) Sublie), aunts Michele (1987) (Bob) Larson, Melissa (1993) (Jeremiah) Rainer, Karin (1990) (Steve Meye) Schaefer, Kathy (1991) (Ned Bernath) McCrady and uncles Adam (Angela 2002) Miller and Kevin (1994) (Amy) Schaefer.
Shirley Benzel Klein, Class of 1952, passed away on October 7, 2020. She is survived by her daughter Susan (1978) (Bob) Hebner and her grandchildren Cory (Joanna) Hebner, Nicole (Ryan) Taylor and Shaylee (2006) (Philip 2005) Newton. She is also survived by her great grandchildren Hailey Harper, Cayden Taylor, Cameron and Paige Newton, Carter and Taylor Hebner and numerous nieces and nephews. She was preceded in death by her husband Roy Klein (1948), her daughter Kathy Nielsen (1981), her parents Henry and Anna Benzel, brothers Fred, Vic, Larry (1936), Art (1934), Melvin, Everett (1949) Benzel and sisters Esther McRae (1937), Ilene Ellsworth (1940) and Dorothy Eckhardt (1946).
Julie Hintze Sparks, Class of 1970, passed away on September 18, 2020. She is survived by her husband James Sparks, daughters Nessa (Reuel) Dillon and Nicole (Douglas) Oliver, two stepdaughters Christinia Hillhouse and Melissa (Jason) Smith and 15 grandchildren. She is also survived by her sister Cathy (1975) (John) Strohmaier. Julie was preceded in death by her parents Roland and Ruth Hintze and sister Karen (1972) Hintze.
Helen Plager Pierce, Class of 1936, passed away on September 18, 2020. She is survived by her son Gary (Monica) Pierce, daughter-in-law, Cyndee Pierce, grandchildren Kelly (Albert) Fernandez, Coleen (Brian) Spotts, Colton and Trevor Pierce, four great-grandchildren, nieces and nephews, Sandra Weber Knauer (1965), Bob Weber (1968), Mary Beth Ranney and Paul Plager. She was preceded in death by her husband Lee, son, Brent Pierce, her parents Paul and Dora Plager, sister Norma Plager Weber (1937) and brother Daryl Plager (1945)